Monday, December 24, 2012

Southern Baptists DID prohibit Alcohol drinking

Some paltalk baptists insisted the Southern Baptist Convention does not forbid drinking, but only drunkeness, but what does the SBC REALLY say?

RESOLVED, That we, the members of the Southern Baptist Convention, reassert our truceless and uncompromising hostility to the manufacture, sale, importation and transportation, of alcoholic beverages in any and all their forms. We regard the policy of issuing government licenses for the purpose of carrying on the liquor traffic as a sin against God and a dishonor to our people. We furthermore announce it as our conviction that we should by all legitimate means oppose the liquor traffic in municipality, county, State, and nation.

Furthermore, we announce it as the sense of this body that no person should be retained in the fellowship of a Baptist church who engages in the manufacture or sale of alcoholic liquors, either at wholesale or retail, who invests his money in the manufacture or sale of alcoholic liquors, or who rents his property to be used for distilleries, wholesale liquor houses, or saloons. Nor do we believe that any church should retain in its fellowship any member who drinks intoxicating liquors as a beverage, or visits saloons or drinking places for the purpose of such indulgence.--May 1896,  SBC Resolutions


WHEREAS, The liquor interests of the country of all classes are in sympathy with each other, and have made and are making such combinations as they deem most potent for their success, it becomes a necessity for the lovers of morals, good society, religion and peace, not only to give expression of their opinion, but to co-operate as far as possible, not only to check this dangerous element in our land, but to prohibit its manufacture and use as a beverage; therefore,

RESOLVED, That as representatives of the great Baptist brotherhood of the South in convention assembled, we do solemnly protest against the manufacture and sale of ardent spirits as a beverage, and will use our influence in every proper and legitimate way for its suppression and prohibition.--May 1887, http://www.sbc.net/resolutions/amResolution.asp?ID=43
WHEREAS, We learn that the American Anti-Saloon League is considering the launching of a movement for national prohibition of the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors;
RESOLVED, That we, the Southern Baptist Convention, in annual session assembled in the city of Saint Louis, heartily and unhesitatingly endorse the proposed movement, and hereby pledge to the movement our full support at such times as the League may think wise and best to inaugurate it.--Resolution, 1913 - St. Louis, Missouri
RESOLVED, That in view of the world-wide interest at the present time in the cause of Temperance and the growing volume of public opinion in India against the use of intoxicants and drugs like opium and morphine, the consumption of which is alarmingly growing and thus is a serious menace to the physical health, and moral and spiritual well-being of the three hundred fifteen millions of people of India, the Southern Baptist Convention, representing three million white Baptists of America, in its annual session held in Washington, D.C., May 12 to 17, 1920, earnestly requests the Government of India to prohibit the import, manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquors and drugs--particularly prohibition of the cultivation of poppy and manufacture and sale of opium in India for other than medical purposes. --Resolution On Drugs 1920 - Washington, D.C.
Fourth, That we brand as false the insinuation in the Houston press that there is a sentiment in this Convention in favor of beer and wine.--Houston, Texas - 1926. Resolution On Government
The Committee is instructed to inform our President that we deplore the return of the legalized sale of beer and wine and that we would regard the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment as a calamity to our nation. We believe that Prohibition at its worst is better than the legalized sale of intoxicating liquor for beverage purposes at its best. We earnestly request President Roosevelt to refrain from active participation in the movement to repeal the Eighteenth Amendment. The Committee is further authorized to assure our noble President of our most earnest prayer to Almighty God for his blessing upon the Chief Executive and his advisers and upon the Congress.
Adopted
......
 (c) That we deeply regret and earnestly deplore the fact that the President has used the influence and power of his office for the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and, pending efforts for repeal, for the legalization of the manufacture and sale of beer; and especially that he has allowed the White House to be used to advertise the beer business much to the discredit of his administration and much to the pain and sorrow of a large element, we believe a majority, of American citizens.--Resolutions, Washington, D.C. - 1933
We declare afresh our unalterable opposition to the whole liquor traffic, whisky, beer, and wine, and to the license system by which this most blighting and corrupting traffic fastened upon our body social and body politic.
2. We stand unalterable for total abstinence on the part of the individual and for prohibition by the government, local, State, and National, and that we declare relentless war upon the liquor traffic, both legal and illegal, until it shall be banished.--Resolution On The Liquor Situation Richmond, Virginia - 1938
In 1950 the Southern Baptist Conventioned issued this recommendation which goal is to ELIMINATE "beverage alcohol"
 1. We recommend that our churches and associations of churches continue and strengthen their support of local state leaders in their temperance activities. We recommend that our efforts in the several states be intensified to achieve the legal elimination of beverage alcohol through local option elections and statewide referenda.--May 1950,CONCERNING BEVERAGE ALCOHOL AND GAMBLING,  http://www.sbc.net/resolutions/amResolution.asp?ID=74
 
In 1983 the Southern Baptist Convention stated their opposition to alcohol as a drink
Therefore, be it RESOLVED, That we, the messengers of the Southern Baptist Convention assembled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, June 14-16, 1983, declare again our steadfast opposition to the use of alcoholic drinks as a beverage;-Resolution on Alcohol June 1983, http://www.sbc.net/resolutions/amResolution.asp?ID=92
 
In 2006 they again affirmed their rejection of alcohol
RESOLVED, That the messengers to the Southern Baptist Convention meeting in Greensboro, North Carolina, June 13-14, 2006, express our total opposition to the manufacturing, advertising, distributing, and consuming of alcoholic beverages;-June 2006, ON ALCOHOL USE IN AMERICA
As we can see, the claim the Southern Baptist Convention does not forbid drinking alcohol is FALSE, based on the statements of the Southern Baptist convention since the late 19th century. The idea that in this matter that every congregation is independent is even more absurd since the Convention pushes to outlaw the drinking of alcohol in the nation--a law that would affect both those in the SBC and outside of it--essentially forcing any SBC member who believes drinking is not wrong to stop drinking under force of secular law.

Sunday, December 16, 2012

Did the Popes claims to be God?

The following is NOT my work, it is taken in its entirety from this website: http://www.geoffhorton.com/PapalClaims.html

Have Popes Really Claimed to be God?


Quotations (more properly, alleged quotations for the most part, as we'll see later) showing that popes have claimed to be God or equal to God are a staple of anti-Catholic polemics. I recently ran across such a list, and the results of my investigations are below. I suspect the list as I got it is rather old, as its most recent entry dates only to the late 19th Century. The continuing growth of materials available on the Internet has made it possible to shed some light on the facts behind these “quotations”.

The List


  1. Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) wrote: “We may according to the fullness of our power, dispose of the law and dispense above the law. Those whom the Pope of Rome doth separate, it is not a man that separates them but God. For the Pope holdeth place on earth, not simply of a man but of the true God.” (1 Book of Gregory 9 Decret. c. 3)
  2. The Lateran Council addressing Pope Julius II in an oration delivered by Marcellus said: “Take care that we lose not that salvation, that life and breath which thou hast given us, for thou art our shepherd, thou art our physician, thou art our governor, thou art our husbandman, thou art finally another God on earth.” (Council Edition. Colm. Agrip. 1618)
  3. Pope Nicholas said of himself: “I am in all and above all, so that God Himself and I, the vicar of God, hath both one consistory, and I am able to do almost all that God can do... wherefore, if those things that I do be said not to be done of man, but of God, what do you make of me but God? Again, if prelates of the Church be called of Constantine for gods, I then being above all prelates, seem by this reason to be above all gods. Wherefore, no marvel, if it be in my power to dispense with all things, yea with the precepts of Christ.” (Decret. par. Distinct 96 ch. 7 edit. Lugo 1661)
  4. The RC New York catechism states: “The Pope takes the place of Jesus Christ on earth... by divine right the Pope has supreme and full power in faith, in morals over each and every pastor and his flock. He is the true vicar, the head of the entire church, the father and teacher of all Christians. He is the infallible ruler, the founder of dogmas, the author of and the judge of councils; the universal ruler of truth, the arbiter of the world, the supreme judge of heaven and earth, the judge of all, being judged by no one, God himself on earth.”
  5. The title “Lord God the Pope” - these words appeared in the Canon Law of Rome. “To believe that our Lord God the Pope has not the power to decree as he is decreed, is to be deemed heretical.” (The Gloss extravagances of Pope John XXII Cum. Inter, tit XIV Ad Callem Sexti Decretalium, Paris, 1685)

    Father A. Pereira acknowledged: “It is quite certain that Popes have never disapproved or rejected this title “Lord God the Pope” for the passage in the gloss referred to appears in the edition of the Canon Law published in Rome by Gregory XIII.”
  6. Pope Nicholas I declared that “the appellation of God had been confirmed by Constantine on the Pope, who being God, cannot be judged by man.” (Labb IX Dist.: 96 Can 7 Satis Evidentur Decret Gratian Primer Para)
  7. Speaking [in] the name of the Pope (a rhetorical device) Cardinal Manning said: “I acknowledge no civil superior, I am the subject of no prince, and I claim more than this, I claim to be the supreme judge on earth and director of the consciences of men, I am the last supreme judge of what is right and wrong.” (Sermon in the Pro Cathedral, Kensington, Tablet Oct 9, 1864)

Responses


Cardinal Manning


I can find no better place to start the responses than with the last-given “quotation” from Cardinal Manning. As we shall see, it is no quotation at all.

Rather than provide my own refutation, I would like to quote an anonymous (as far as I can tell) writer in the New Zealand Tablet, Volume XXIX, Issue 41, 10 October 1901, pp. 1-2. A scanned copy of the original article can be found online here.

The article deals well not only with the (fake) quotation in question, but with the tactics used to prepare the entire list given above. (In fact, I am not sure but that the “misquotations, garbled statements, mistranslations, at least one concocted ‘extract’--all secondhand--and ... marvellously complete and comprehensive ignorance of Catholic teaching” to which the author refers are not a response to the exact list we now have.) I commend the second paragraph to your particular attention in this regard.

Dr. Starbuck, an eminent American non-Catholic divine, seriously blames some Protestant controversialists, not for lack of honesty, but for being ‘slovenly and inexcusably ignorant’ in their ‘expositions of Roman Catholic history and doctrine.’ ‘The Pope, like the poor,’ he adds, ‘we have always with us, and whenever we will we can do him evil. Well meditated attacks on him easily take the place of knowledge, of cultivation, of good manners, of deliberation in statement, of justice, of charity, and of all other requirements usually supposed to beseem a minister of the Gospel.’ Recent attacks upon the Pope in Christchurch and Dunedin were based upon misquotations, garbled statements, mistranslations, at least one concocted ‘extract’--all secondhand--and on a marvellously complete and comprehensive ignorance of Catholic teaching, of which our assailants knew as little as Bettesworth did of law--and he knew thereof neither ‘text nor margent.’ Our readers will recollect that the late Cardinal Manning was alleged to have said (among other things)--speaking in the name of the Pope; ‘I acknowledge no civil power... I claim to be the supreme judge and director of the consciences of men’; and again: ‘I am sole last supreme judge of what is right and wrong.’[Footnote 1.] We were referred to the London Tablet of October 9, 1864, for these words. But no Tablet was published on that date. We learned by cable message a few days ago that in a discussion on the subject in Melbourne, the alleged doctrinal utterance of Manning was credited to the Tablet of August 6, 1859, but after a most minute examination of the Tablet of that date we can find no trace whatever of anything at all resembling the words attributed to that distinguished convert. Some weeks ago a writer in the Christchurch Press quoted this alleged Manning extract on the authority of ‘the Rev. Mr. Lilley,’ whom he described as ‘an able, eminent Catholic writer’--confounding a Presbyterian clergyman of that name in Arbroath with the distinguished Catholic layman, Mr. W. S. Lilly. When his statement was corrected, he simply sprang a somersault and gave Mr. Grattan Guinness as the authority for the Cardinal's speech!
Herein lies one of the difficulties of which Catholics experience in defending the fair fame of their Mother Church against the more noisy and ill-informed class of controversialists. A suspicious-looking ‘extract’ is quoted, with suspicious-looking vagueness, from (say) ‘a Catholic writer,’ or ‘a distinguished Catholic theologian.’ You forthwith make a request for name and chapter and verse. This is sometimes met with angry resentment, sometimes by an airy gibe, sometimes by a general statement to the effect that it is in Suarez (or Saurez, as a Wellington enthusiast called him recently), or Aquinas or Bellarmine or De Lugo or Liguori or some other noted Catholic writer--only that and nothing more, and you are left to toil through the 23 massive volumes of one author, or the 17 of another, or the 10 to 20 of the rest. More rarely there is a show of precise reference, but it is commonly found to be inadequate or deceptive--a mockery, a delusion, and a snare--as if one should refer you to ‘the seventeenth verse of the Bible’; or the ‘authority’ is non-existent, like ‘the Tablet of October 9, 1864.’ In the comparatively rare instances in which detailed references are given, you find that the alleged quotation is conspicuously absent, or that the author's words have been shamefully garbled or mistranslated, or--as in the case of an ‘extract’ recently attributed (in a Dunedin paper) to St. Thomas Aquinas--that not a line of it was ever written by him. If you persecute your opponents on one reference (as, for instance, the Tablet of October 9, 1864), they fly to another (August 6, 1859). You follow the direction indicated by the new sign-post only to find that you have been again chasing a rainbow. And the upshot of the whole thing is this: you find, in practically every instance, that the ‘quotations’ are secondhand or tenth-hand, that they have been carefully and deliberately lopped and chopped and pruned and twisted and contorted till they more or less seriously misrepresent the views of the authors to whom they are attributed, and you not unnaturally conclude that all these inadequate and misleading references are merely so many ruses--the side-jumps of the hunted roebuck--to delay or prevent the discovery and exposure of those discreditable bits of controversial trickery.
It is reasonable to judge a quotation as you would judge a man--by the company it keeps. And the alleged Manning quotation is in decidedly bad company, among a pack of ‘faked’ and concocted and ‘doctored’ extracts of an altogether disreputable kind. It has, moreover, about it a suspicious and guilty look. It is, for instance, set down as Catholic teaching which it would be heresy to deny. Yet there are portions of that precious extract which it would be heresy to maintain; and they differ vastly from the clear-cut expositions and the sharply defined lines between doctrine and inference--between dogma and opinion--which are to be found in acknowledged works of Manning, such as his Petri Privilegium and his Vatican Council. At first blush, therefore, the alleged extract naturally seemed to us, in all its circumstances, to be a fabrication. We, however, declined in express terms to maintain this theory, and admitted the possibility of its publication as the result of ‘a reporter's blunder and an editorial oversight.’ Despite the misleading references--which were calculated, if not intended, to baffle inquiry--we have at length succeeded in coming across the original report from which the alleged Manning quotation was taken. The report in question is that of a sermon by the late Cardinal on the Syllabus, and it appears in the London Tablet, volume 34, No. 1539, pages 601-602. Towards the end of his discourse Manning tells his hearers the sort of reply which, he fancies the Pope (Pius IX.) would make to the overtures of the advocates of divorce, godless education, endless devisions [sic] in religion, and ‘the absolute renunciation of the supreme authority of the Christian Church.’ The now notorious ‘Manning quotation’ purports to be a faithful transcript of one sentence taken from this part of the late Cardinal's discourse. But, as we expected, the extract has been grievously lopped and tortured by the enterprising individual through whose instrumentality it first got floated into polemics. (a) He follows the usual plan of tearing it violently away from its context, (b) He turns the one sentence of the report into three--a small matter in itself, but significant as an indication of the man's ideas of accuracy of quotation, (c) He takes the three vital clauses in the sentence, and, with the fullest apparent deliberation, completely alters their meaning--one by the substitution of one term for another, the other two by the cool omission of two all-important qualifying words. And (d) he tacks on to the end of the extract, as an integral part thereof, a misquotation from the Bull Unam Sanctam, of which not a trace is to be seen anywhere in the report. And then (e) forth steps the Rev. Mr. Gibb and informs all and sundry that this mutilated quotation is a statement of Catholic doctrine--with the rider that it would be heresy to deny it . Whereas, as a matter of fact, in the unmutilated report (for the accuracy of which, of course, we cannot vouch) the words attributed to Manning are not, nor do they pretend to be, a statement of Catholic doctrine.
The Rev. Mr. Gibb, for instance, makes Cardinal Manning, speaking on behalf of the Pope, say the following words: ‘I acknowledge no civil power.’ Now this statement is (a) absurdly contrary to fact; (b) it is untrue in point of doctrine; and (c) it is nowhere to be found in the report. On the contrary (d), Manning, according to the report (p. 601), said:
The civil Society or civil power was a thing sacred in itself. It came from God. It had God as its author, and it most be treated with great veneration. It ia sustained by authority, obedience, and equality--the three laws of the human family, which b«gan with the first family--namely, the parental authority, the filial obedience, the fraternal equality. These three laws existed in human society. God was the author of them, and when families multiplied and combined into races, nations, and States, these three laws, which were domestic and private in the beginning, assumed the public and recognised character of what they called constitutions and kingdoms, from which came monarchies, empires, and civil order throughout the world. The sovereign authority which governed mankind was derived not from the consent of men, bargaining and bartering, and transacting and compromising together as it were in a market-place, but as derived from God Himself, and immediately given to human society. But the particular form in which society may be cast, and the particular person or prince, be it one or many, who bears the sovereign power, come not immediately from God, but mediately from human society. It was of this that St. Paul spoke [p. 602] when he said: ‘Let every soul be subject to the higher powers,’ though he was then speaking of a heathen Emperor. ‘For every power is of God. He that resisteth the power resisteth the ordinance of God, and he that resisteth shall receive to himielf damnation. St. Paul says this of the civil society or political order of the world--of the Roman Empire, persecuting and pagan, as it then was.
And yet Manning is made, a little lower down in the very same discourse, to attribute to the Pope the false and un-Catholic statement: ‘I acknowledge no civil power!’
‘I acknowledge no civil Power,’ Manning is made to say, voicing what he conceives to be the opinion of the Pope. But Manning says no such thing. He says ‘I acknowledge no civil Superior [which is quite a different thing], I am the subject of no prince.’ In other words, the Pope, who is the head, in spiritual matters, of 250,000,000 Christians, is, by virtue of his office, free from civil subjection, and will not be the tool or puppet or hired man of any political ruler. And this, in brief, is the substance of his answer to those who call upon him to become the obedient subject and servant of the House of Savoy. ‘You ask me,’ Manning makes him say, ‘to abdicate, to renounce my supreme authority. You tell me I ought to submit to the civil power, that I am the subject of the King of Italy, and from him I am to receive instructions as to the way I should exercise my supreme power.’ The concocted statement as to the repudiation of the civil power by the Pope was set forth by the Rev. Mr. Gibb as Catholic doctrine, and our denial of the truth of his assertion was, at least by implication, denounced as an act of heresy. But, as a matter of fact, there is no question or statement of Catholic doctrine in the words reported as used by Manning, which are, in effect, merely a variant on what so strong a Protestant as Lord Brougham said in the British House of Lords when Pius IX. was an exile at Gaeta: ‘Stripped of that secular dominion [the independent temporal power], he [the Pope] would become the slave, now of one Power, now of another: one day the slave of Spain, another of Austria, another of France.... His temporal power is an European question, not a local or religious one; and the Pope's authority should be maintained for the sake of the peace and the interests of Europe.’
Cardinal Manning was also represented by the Rev. Mr. Gibb as to putting into the mouth of the Pope the statement that he (the Pope) is ‘the supreme judge and director of the consciences of men,’ and the ‘last supreme judge of what is right and wrong.’ And this, too, is set forth as a Catholic doctrine, which it would be heresy to deny. But (a) the quotation, as given, makes the Pope claim to be absolutely the highest judge in matters of conscience and right and wrong--even the Almighty Himself not being excepted; for there is no limiting or qualifying word or phrase. And this, so far from being ‘Catholic doctrine,’ is rank blasphemy. But (b) the report attributes no such sweeping statement to Manning : it simply makes the Pope claim to be in these matters the supreme or highest judge ‘On Earth.’ It is unnecessary to point out, even to persons of the most meagre understandstanding, what worlds apart is the statement attributed to Manning in the Tablet report, and that which is credited to him by the Rev. Mr. Gibb and his Orange and other ‘authorities.’ The suppression of the two vital words referred to above (‘on earth’) is rendered all the more inexcusable by the fact that, on page 602, 22nd and following lines of the report, the position of the Pope is expressly stated to be, not that of one who is absolutely supreme, but that of the vicar, delegate, and representative of Another, and that his teaching and executive authority is not direct but derived, and is for ‘the Christian society’ which Christ founded ‘on earth.’ (c) We are unable to say whether Manning really used the words ‘supreme judge on earth,’ etc., in the connection given in the report. The terms there given are not happily selected, but we are not concerned, in any case, to defend them. They are by no means couched in the precise and careful language of Manning's works, and represent, at worst, one of those inexact oratorical statements such as slip with painful frequency from the lips of some of our critics, even when they speak--as the Rev. Mr. Gibb did--with copious notes and plenteous ‘extracts’ at hand. We suppose that even a learned Catholic prelate, speaking--as Manning did, in the fiery midst of a period of anti-papal religious and political storm and fury--may not unreasonably plead, as did the Rev. Mr. Gibb, that ‘in the heat of public utterance,’ he might ‘overstate his case’ and feel called upon to suggest that his audience ‘make a liberal reduction’ for ‘the fervor of the platform.’ But it is not true, as alleged by the Rev. Mr. Gibb, that Manning's reported words are, or profess to be, statements of ‘Catholic doctrine.’
(d) In addition to the grievous manipulations of the text mentioned above, the extract-rigger on whom the Rev. Mr. Gibb relies with a faith that is so simple and childlike, adds one other word to the ‘Manning extract’ that is not contained in the Tablet report, he subtracts three, and he alters no fewer than six! All this violence, be it noted, is done in one sentence of the report, which (as already stated) is at the same time broken up into three. The addition, subtraction, etc., last mentioned do not materially affect the sense of the extract, but they serve, in their way, to further emphasise the reckless manner in which the Rev. Mr. Gibb's vaunted ‘authorities’ are prepared to twist quotations to suit their turn. (e) Another curious instance of controversial ‘accuracy and scholarship’ is furnished by the concluding sentence of the Rev. Mr. Gibb's ‘Manning extract,’ already quoted in a footnote to the present paragraphs.
It runs as follows: ‘Moreover, we declare, affirm, define, and pronounce it to be necessary to salvation to every human being to be subject to the Roman Pontiff.’ This, as already stated, is a mistranslation of the concluding sentence of the Bull Unam Sanctam. It is given, within the same quotation marks, as a portion of the Tablet report of Manning's utterance. But no such words are found either in that or any other part of the Tablet report. They are simply flung in as a make-weight.
We are sorry for those of the extreme section of our fellow-colonists who have of late thought fit to make apparently concerted attacks upon us in Dunedin, Christchurch, and Wellington. The weapons which they employed were boomerangs which have returned and wounded the throwers. The wholesale scale on which sham and ‘faked’ and garbled and concocted ‘quotations’ have of late been used against Catholics in these countries tends to burn into our minds the conviction that the less educated and more violent class of anti-Catholic controversialists hold themselves to be dispensed from the ordinary obligations of truth and charity. We shall be glad to hear what explanation or defence the Rev. Mr. Gibb's Orange ‘authorities’ have to make for their mutilation of the report of Manning's discourse. As a matter of elementary fair-play, the columns of this paper are, of course, open to him or them, or to any responsible persons for such reply as they may desire to make. The vogue which the ‘Manning extract’ has of late acquired in these countries, in the mouths of our more violent assailants, is our apology for dealing with it at what may seem inordinate length. Our Catholic readers and our Catholic exchanges everywhere would do well to pigeonhole these paragraphs. The ‘Manning extract’ has proved itself a highly appreciated addition to the long list of Artful Dodger ‘quotations’ that constitute the chief stock-in-trade of the less instructed assailants of the Old Church. It is sure to go far afield, and, even after it has been fully exposed, it will be heard of again--for a period. It is a way that these ‘quotations’ have. When a branch was lopped off Virgil's inexhaustible tree, another sprung up in its place :
          Uno avulso, non deficit alter
Aureus, et simili frondescit virga metallo.
But pollard-willow or spreading broom or Californian thistle or Virgil's tree--they all give way at last to the patient chip-chipchop of the polished steel. Prompt and repeated exposure, plus the spread of education and training in exact methods of research will, in time, strew the path of the anti-Catholic quotation rigger with so many thorns and spikes and sharpened nails (with inverted divisors) that there will be very few to travel by it. And the cause of truth and peace and religion will be greatly served thereby.
Footnote 1: The full ‘Manning extract,’ as given by the Rev. Mr. Gibb at an Orange demonstration in Dunedin, is as follows:--‘In the Tablet of the 9th October, 1864, the late Cardinal Manning, speaking in the name of the Pope, is reportod thus: “I acknowledge no civil power. I am the subject of no prince, and I claim more than this: I claim to be the supreme judge, and director of the consciences of men--of the peasants that till the field and of the prince that sits upon the throne, of the household that lives in privacy and the legislator that makes laws for the kingdoms. I am sole last supreme judge of what is right and wrong. Moreover we declare, affirm, define, and pronounce it to be necessary to salvation to every human creature to be subject to the Roman Pontiff.”’
Footnote 2: [Transcriber's note: I was unable to locate the footnote marker in the main text.] The Rev. J. P. Lilley, a Presbyterian clergyman of Arbroath, was cited by the Rev Mr. Gibb as evidence in support of the notorious ‘Manning extract’ quoted in another footnote to these paragraphs. But (1) in so far as the Rev. Mr. Lilley is evidence at all in this matter, he is evidence against the Rev. Mr. Gibb, for, on p. 235, of his Principles of Protestantism (T. and J. Clarke, 1898--the same edition to which the Rev. Mr. Gibb refers us) the Arbroath clergyman quotes Manning as follows: ‘Speaking in the name of the Pope, Cardinal Manning said: “I acknowledge no civil superior, I am the subject of no prince; and I claim more than this: I claim to be the supreme judge on earth and director of the consciences of man; I am the last supreme judge of what is right and wrong.”’ (The italics are ours.) Such is Lilley's quotation in full. The most superficial comparison between this and the extract given by the Rev. Mr Gibb will show how widely different they are, not merely in form, but in meaning. (2) Lilley, at least, did not (as reference to the italicised words will show) garble and alter the meaning of the reported utterances of Manning in the wholesale and shameless fashion that the Rev. Mr. Gibb's other ‘authorities’ did. But (a) he tore the words from their proper context: (b) he omitted, from the very middle of the extract--and without the smallest indication of such admission--no fewer than thirty three words: (c) he referred this mutilated extract to ‘Sermon, Tablet, October 9, 1864,’ which fell on a Sunday, and no Tablet, as we have shown, was published on that date. The Rev. Mr. Gibb vouched for ‘the accuracy and scholarship’ of the Rev. Mr. Lilley. But it seems clear that the Rev. Mr. Lilley's ideas of accuracy and scholarship either did not rise to the level of consulting the Tablet or of quoting it correctly. We have found his book fairly swarming in places with inaccuracies. Here is one which occurs a few lines above his version of the ‘Manning extract’: ‘By the constitution of the Church of Rome, the Pope is made the absolute lord of the individual mind and conscience.’ (The italics are ours.) As a matter of fact ‘the constitution of the Church of Rome’ does no such thing. The right of absolute lordship over subjects is correlated by the duty of absolute obedience on their part, and the most elementary acquaintance with Catholic teaching on this subject and on the papal prerogatives would have prevented the ‘accurate’ and ‘scholarly’ Mr. Lilley from making a statement so absurd in itself and so directly opposed to fact.

I note that the erroneous Oct. 9, 1864 date is still attached to the fake quotation, which is one of the points that leads me to think the author of the article above has in mind the very list of allegations that are the topic of this web page. Sadly, the anti-Catholic quotation rigger is still alive and well.

Addendum: Out of curiosity, I went looking for places that use this false quotation. It appears in Charles Chiniquy's alleged memoirs. More surprisingly, perhaps, Upton Sinclair uses it in his The Profits of Religion an Essay in Economic Interpretation. It shows up in several books written in support of Freemasonry. And, of course, it appears here and there on anti-Catholic websites. It does appear that this quotation is not used as frequently as some of the others on the list.

Pope (St.) Nicholas I, first entry


This alleged quotation is again no quotation at all. It is taken from John Foxe's Acts and Monuments, Vol. 4, and as far as I can tell contains no authentic papal statements whatsoever. Foxe was attempting to show what the list compilers are attempting to show--that the popes have taken upon themselves the place of God. He did this by creating a fictitious speech from a fictitious pope setting out all his claims. The “speech” is a series of quotations from various documents either about the papacy or by popes themselves, interspersed with what Foxe thinks the popes were thinking. It is somewhat easier to follow in his original than it is here; the person who compiled the extract for the list either didn't notice what Foxe had done, or didn't care. All the distinctions are gone, along with most of the footnotes.

And if we take apart the pieces of the alleged quotation, what do we find?

“I am in all and above all” are Foxe's own words, put in the mouth of his speaker.

The next part (“so that God Himself and I, the vicar of God, hath both one consistory,”) is not from a pope at all--here, Foxe is selecting quotations from other writers speaking about the pope, through the artifice of having his fictional mouthpiece pope speak of them with approval. I can't find the original reference (Hostensius?), so I can't provide the missing context, nor even check for accuracy of translation.

Likewise, “and I am able to do almost all that God can do” is not from a pope but from some other document speaking of the papacy. Again, I can't locate the “Summa casuum fratris Baptista”, so I can't provide context or check the translation.

We now switch to the part that is quoting actual papal documents (to his [slight] credit, it's not Foxe's fault that the distinction was lost--he makes it clear that he's switching).

“... Wherefore, if those things that I do be said not to be done of man, but of God, what do you make of me but God?” It's amazing what an ellipsis will hide. The context of this quote can actually be guessed from Foxe's reference, a decretal from Pope Gregory on transferring bishops. (Note that this is not the reference given in the list. More on that reference at the end of this section!) There was (and is) a train of thought in the Church that sees a bishop's relationship to his diocese as analogous to marriage--not the same as, but related to. Gregory is arguing here that he does have the power to move bishops, but only because he acts with divine authority. To top it all off, Gregory never said any of the material quoted at the beginning of this paragraph. That's Foxe putting words into the mouth of his fictitious pope.

As is this: “Again, if prelates of the Church be called of Constantine for gods, I then being above all prelates, seem by this reason to be above all gods. Wherefore, no marvel, if it be in my power to dispense with all things, yea with the precepts of Christ.” No pope said that. It's Foxe's own commentary on Pope St. Nicholas I's releasing men from oaths made under pressure while in captivity.

In summary:
Actual papal words quoted: 0.
Words quoted from actual Catholic documents: Few.
Stuff Foxe made up: Most of it.

And, ironically enough, that one reference we're given in the quotation as it stands in the list? It refers to a passage in Foxe's book that has dropped entirely out of the quotation as it now stands.

Lord God the Pope?


There's an excellent web page dealing with this claim. To summarize that page: the original edition of the Extravagantes doesn't contain that passage at all; it appears (allegedly; I have not seen a copy) in an edition printed 300 years later. The passage in question is in a gloss (commentary), not in the main text itself, so even if it were authentic, it would not have the force of law. And, finally, even if the phrase were in Canon Law, it would have no doctrinal force. Canon Law is not intended to present the teachings of the Church and does not do so definitively, though it sometimes repeats those teachings to give context to the canons. So all we have here is a quotation of unknown provenance, added to the text at a later date, that would prove nothing at all even if it had been authentic.

Fr. Periera was an 18th Century Spanish priest. I have not seen a copy of his work either, and the quotation given from it is originally taken from a highly polemical source. I hope the reader will understand by this point if I do not trust quotations taken from such a source. I do not know why Fr. Periera wrote what he is said to have written, nor in what context. But the opinion of one person, even if accurately related (which I doubt), proves nothing.

This, by the way, is easily the most popular of these quotes on the web. Google returns over 7,000 hits for "lord god the pope".

Pope St. Nicholas I, second entry


The actual Latin text of this entry read:

Satis evidenter ostenditur a saeculari potestate nec solvi prosus nec ligari pontificem, quem constat a pio principe Constantio Deum appellatum, cum nec posse Deum ab hominibus judicari manifestum est.

I translate that as:

It is shown clearly enough that the pontiff, who was called “God” by the pious prince Constantine, is neither loosened nor bound in any way by secular power, since it is manifest that God cannot be judged by men either.

The phrase “who being God,” as the original quotation in the list gives it, is a bad translation; one must twist the second clause (“quem constat ...”) pretty heavily to get that reading. Pope St. Nicholas is simply saying that secular powers cannot control the pope, who has his authority from God. The quotation from Constantine (which I have not been able to locate for further context) is perhaps meant to show that one of the greatest emperors deferred to the power of the Church.

Innocent III


The issue about which Pope Innocent III was writing was again the transferring of bishops from diocese to diocese, discussed under the John Foxe pastiche above. The pope is claiming he has the authority to do this not merely as a man and by human authority, but as God's representative. In other words, it's a limited claim, not a universal one. No Catholic should be ashamed of a pope's claim to govern in ecclesial matters with authority entrusted to him by God. That does not make the Pope God; it does not entitle him to worship; it does not take away his humanity; it says nothing more than does Luke 10:16

Lateran V


The list simply says “the Lateran Council”. There were five of them; the one in question must have been the fifth, which was indeed convoked by Pope Julius II, though he died not long after it began meeting.

The quotation is accurate but incomplete. I no longer have ready access to the book in which I found it (an account of the Council that includes not just a summary of the debates and speeches, but the speeches themselves); fortunately, I still have a copy of the relevant portion of this speech:

Ad te igitur supplex tamquam ad verum principem, protectorem, Petrum et sponsum accedo, quem oro, obsecro et obrestor, si quae corporis sunt, temporanea iura respiciunt, armis curasti, nunc quae ad cuiusque animum pertinent, non armis, sed sanctissimis legibus cura. Id namque lingue facilius agere poteris, quam quae hactenus egisti. Cura, inquam, pater beatissime, ut sponsae tuae forma decorque redeat et pulcritudo. Cura, ut grex tibi commissos optimis ac spiritualibus alimentis alatur et vivat. Cura, ut valetudo haec quae totum terrarum orbem invisat, abicedat. Cura, ut fluctanti naviculae, in alto a diris agitatae ventis salutis portus illuceat. Cura ne fruges cuius es cultor, prae nimia ariditate sicceiact. Cura, ut ovile unum fiat, quod modo est in partes divisum. Cura denique, ut salutem quam dedisti nobis, et vitam et spiritum non amittamus. Tu enim pastor, tu medicus, tu gubernator, tu cultor, tu denique alter Deus in terris.

The quotation given in the list covers only the last two sentences of the above. Here's how the whole paragraph reads:

Therefore I a beggar come to you as to a true prince, protector, Peter [or Rock], and spouse, whom I pray, I beseech and I [? This word is not in my dictionary; I assume it's a synonymn for the others], if those things which are of the body they provide for with temporal laws, and guard them with arms, now of those things that pertain in any way to the soul, you tend not with arms, but with the most holy laws. So much you are able to do more easily by the tongue than you have already done with arms. Therefore, most blessed father, take care so that beauty and attractiveness may return to the forms of your spouse. Take care so that the flock entrusted to you may be fed with the best spiritual food, and live. Take care so that good health may watch over the whole world, not depart. Take care so a port of safety may shine upon the wave-tossed boats, tossed about in the deeps by the agitation of fierce winds. Take care lest the crops whose farmer you are wither on account of excessive dryness. Take care, so that the sheepfold may be one, for it is now as if divided in parts. In short, take care that we lose not that salvation, that life and breath which you have given us. For you are our shepherd, you are our physician, you are our governor, you are our farmer, you are in short another God on earth.

In other words ... it's not a compliment. The speaker is chiding Julius for caring too much about other things. He's not flattering him. He's reminding him of the responsibilities he has to take care of souls by ruling and guiding the Church justly, a responsibility that belongs to Julius because he has the place of God on earth insofar as God has entrusted the care of souls to him. It's not flattery. It's not a call to worship. I don't imagine that Julius was all that happy to hear it.

The New York Catechism


The only answer I have to make to the alleged quotation from this source is if there is a Catholic “New York Catechism”, I have not been able to find it, nor any information about it. The only references I have been able to find to a document under the name “New York Catechism” talk about something prepared by an Episcopal bishop of New York, in an era when Catholicism was not at all popular. If the quotation is from that book and is authentic, it is most likely simply anti-Catholic propaganda. Absent any indication that there is or ever was something called the “New York Catechism” published under the auspices of any Catholic group, there is no way to assess this claim further, except to note that a claim based on a work that no one knows anything about is most unfirmly based.

Summary


Of the seven items in the list:
  • One (#3) is almost entirely the words of John Foxe, and therefore not attributable to a pope or to Catholics at all;
  • One (#7) is a complete distortion of what was originally said;
  • One (#5) is a late addition of unknown origin to a text of no doctrinal weight anyhow;
  • One (#4) is quoted from I-know-not-where, having no useful reference;
  • One (#6) is an egregious mistranslation;
  • One (#1) does not claim that the Pope is God, but simply that he is the representative of God on earth, and thus make no claim to divine prerogatives.
  • And one (#2) is actually a rebuke to the pope (delivered with the utmost respect).

I hope that these responses will at least be of use to Catholics who find themselves challenged by this list, and I hope moreover that open-minded inquirers who came here for whatever reason will discover that, whatever arguments might be brought against Catholicism, honesty will not permit the contents of the list to be among them.

The word Dogma is used in the Bible

The word dogma in English comes from the Greek word for a "decree" or "ordinances" and is used 5 times in the NT. Here are the instances. Notice one of them is in regards to the "dogmas" of the council of Jerusalem of Acts 15! The following is from the "King James Version" or as I call it, the Queen James perVersion:

Luke 2:1  And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree [dogma, δόγμα] from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed.
Ἐγένετο δὲ ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις ἐκείναις ἐξῆλθεν δόγμα παρὰ Καίσαρος Αὐγούστου ἀπογράφεσθαι πᾶσαν τὴν οἰκουμένην. -Luke 2:1


Acts 16:4 And as they went through the cities, they delivered them the decrees [dogmata, δόγματα] for to keep, that were ordained of the apostles and elders which were at Jerusalem.
ὡς δὲ διεπορεύοντο τὰς πόλεις, παρεδίδοσαν αὐτοῖς φυλάσσειν τὰ δόγματα τὰ κεκριμένα ὑπὸ τῶν ἀποστόλων καὶ πρεσβυτέρων τῶν ἐν Ἱεροσολύμοις. --Acts 16:4

Acts 17:7 Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees [dogmaton, δογμάτων] of Caesar, saying that there is another king, [one] Jesus.
 
οὓς ὑποδέδεκται Ἰάσων: καὶ οὗτοι πάντες ἀπέναντι τῶν δογμάτων Καίσαρος πράσσουσιν, βασιλέα ἕτερον λέγοντες εἶναι Ἰησοῦν. --Acts 17:7


Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, [even] the law of commandments [contained] in ordinances [dogmasin, δόγμασιν]; for to make in himself of twain one new man, [so] making peace;

τὸν νόμον τῶν ἐντολῶν ἐν δόγμασιν καταργήσας, ἵνα τοὺς δύο κτίσῃ ἐν αὐτῷ εἰς ἕνα καινὸν ἄνθρωπον ποιῶν εἰρήνην, -Ephesians 2:5

Colossians 2:14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances [dogmasin, δόγμασιν] that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;
 
ἐξαλείψας τὸ καθ' ἡμῶν χειρόγραφον τοῖς δόγμασιν ἦν ὑπεναντίον ἡμῖν, καὶ αὐτὸ ἦρκεν ἐκ τοῦ μέσου προσηλώσας αὐτὸ τῷ σταυρῷ:


As we see the word dogma (dogmata) should not be demonized by fundamentalists, otherwise they would be demonizing a term the New Testament used itself in regards to a council inspired by the Spirit (Acts 15:7). The council made dogmas (dogmata).

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

St Peter's statue used to be Jupiter?

Another anticatholic myth breathes its last breath. A disgruntled anticatholic claims Emperor Constantine I created the Catholic Church by mixing Christianity with paganism, and like all illogical catholic haters, she passed the burden of proof to the Catholic.  Later, her smoking gun was a statue she claimed used to be Zeus was changed into Peter.  Even if this were true, what does that prove other than a statue changed names?! However, she, like most catholic haters depended on hate site that just pass false information, however, all catholic haters, be they Mormon, Jehovah Witness, Adventist, Muslim, Baptist, or pagan accept it as gospel truth. The sites claim this statue of Peter used to be Zeus. TOO BAD thats very unlikely since it was made in the 13-14th century, most likely by Arnolfo di Cambio.
 
 
 
 
Compare it was Zeus statues! Zeus usually was naked, or half naked in his statues! Here is a site on the statue http://www.digital-images.net/Gallery/Scenic/Rome/Churches/StPeters_Int/stpeters_int.html
 
Here is a link to Zeus statues. Perhaps the reason this myth was perpetuated by anticatholics is because both Zeus and Peter are portrayed as having curly hair
 
 

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

Penal Substitution, Sacrifice, God turned His back?

Calvinists and other Protestants believe at the Cross God turned His back on His Son, because He cannot look at sin, since they believe Christ in a literal sense, "became sin."

I ask, wouldn't follow that God rejected Jesus' sacrifice? since

 1) Jesus is a sacrifice for sin
 2) God cannot look at sin
3) Sacrifices are placed in the presence (before the face) of God

Wouldn't it logically follow God turned His back on the Sacrifice of Christ, since He could not look at His Son?

Furthermore, Jesus did not pay the punishment for sin, since the punishment for sin is eternal damnation!  I have already addressed the "paid in full" argument of John 19:30 previously, showing "tetelestai" does not mean "paid in full" as fundies claim, since John 19:28 uses the same exact word. 

There are certain things a person can pay in place of another person. One is, if you steal something, and loss the money, though morally you should make restitution with interested, the person offended probably will not be too offended if someone else paid the money in your name. However, not all crimes can someone else act in your place, such as murder, the only way justice can be served is if the murderer to go to jail or be executed for his crime, a substitute will not suffice, but rather, having a person die in place of the murder is a massive miscarriage of justice! However, this seems to be the view of the penal substitution view of the atonement as promoted by many fundamentalist Protestants and Calvinists. We are even told in Deuteronomy this is wrong

Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their fathers; each is to die for his own sin.--Deuteronomy 24:16

This is talking about the death penalty, there are times in the bible though that children die as a consequence of their fathers sin, such as King David and his son with Bathsheba that was conceived when David had sex with another man's wife. However, the baby did not receive the death penalty, but rather David was being punished and the child was a casualty, and the baby was certainly not dying in the place of his father David.  Notice this was done, despite David being told that "the Lord and His part has forgiven you" and despite the fact David says "blessed is the man that God does not impute sin" in the Psalms, and despite the fact David in Psalm 103 says God forgives sins as far as "east is from west," this shows that YES, God forgives sin, but temporal punishment will still occur after that forgiveness occurs! But, to get back on track, if the Scripture says each must die for their own sins, how can you suppose Christ can die in place of you as if He committed the capital crime you committed, if such a substitution is a violation of God's own law, and violates Justice! Christ did die FOR us, but not in our place as if He commited our sins! He died so that God would look down and see a reason to forgive the sins of mankind, having a reason to hold back His justified anger! This is what is meant by St John in 1 John 2:1 when it says Christ is the Propitiation for the sins of the World!

There is no concept of God "turning His back on His Son" in the Bible, which a thing makes no sense as I showed in the beginning of this article. And as I mentioned in an older post, it would logically mean the Trinity was either fractured at that time, which in turn would mean temporary polytheism were true (with the Father and Spirit being one God, and the Son another God, because of a separation caused by JEsus being imputed with sin) or temporary Arian was true (ie. Jesus stopped being God on the Cross, but makes no sense!), or Jesus was split into two at the Cross (ie Jesus split into two persons, one for his divinity and one for His humanity, with His humanity being separated from God alone, this of course would mean the incarnation--"The Word made Flesh" John 1:14 was no longer true and was undone at the Cross). Any one of these possiblities is blasphemous and heretics to any Trinitarian.

Futhermore, if Jesus paid for the world's hell punishment on the Cross, then it would suggest hell is not REALLY eternal, but a temporary thing that can be paid off in 1-3 days time. However, Calvinists respond to this by saying that Hell is eternal, and though Christ's suffering was finite, it was of infinite value, therefore hell was paid off in a day's time. Ofcourse, Calvinists do not REALLY believe this, otherwise they would not limit the atonement to the elect alone. Futhermore, they assume that because they say His death was of infinite value that that therefore merits a peros with a Get-out-of-hell free card! Somehow, to them value and punishment are the same thing. Also, how can they believe Christ's death was of ANY value if they believe God "turned His back on His Son" and "could not look upon Him"? Such statement would imply their the opposite!

They also, suppose it was necessary for God to "pour His wrath out on His Son," as if God were so vengeful, blood thirsty, and vindictive that He could not forgive sins without releasing His anger and fury first! Such an attribute is of a childish person.  God is capable of forgiveness without revenge, if He had to have His justice be satisfied through dumping out wrath, then its NOT REALLY forgiveness! And because "justice had to be carried out" and "wrath poured out" then its NOT REALLY mercy either! How can you release you anger out on someone, then say that "mercy"? It is true, that in the Calvinist model, that God is merciful to the sinner, but that is only as a consequence that justice was executed and God's wrath was poured out! How the mercy was achieved in Calvinism is MOST UNmericiful! This shows that this view of the atonement implies a sort of Pelagianism, that Christ made to be imputed with sin, be punished for sins in our place, so as to merit eternal life FOR us! And Calvinists have the nerve to accuse others of a "works based gospel"?!

In reality, there is hardly anything mercy, just, logical or holy about the Penal Substitution theory of the atonement of Christ.

Saturday, November 24, 2012

The Baptists are not the Anabaptists


In many forums, websites, and in person, many baptists spread the misinformation that the Baptists were previously know as the anabaptist before and during the Reformation. This claim is SOLELY based on the fact that the anabaptists and the baptists have superficial similarities, eg. both were non Catholic, and rejected paedo baptism. Strictly speaking modern baptists ARE anabaptists, however, mordern day baptists have nothing to do with the historical anabaptist groups of the Reformation and before, and certainly nothing to do with the anabaptists of St Augustine's time called the Donatists.  The Donatists were essentially Catholics with the absurd notion that the priest administering the sacraments was REQUIRED to be in a state of grace in order for the sacrament he is administering to be valid, that is, if a priest were administering baptism, if he was not in a state of grace, his baptism would not be valid and the person would remain in their sins.  In this era, in some places rebaptism was common due to the multiple and severe heresies, however, the offical Catholic position was set in concrete with the ruling of Pope Stephen I (St Stephen) with his correspondences with the African bishops, in which he overruled their conciliar decision that heretics ought to be rebaptized, thus the Catholic Churches policy today of not rebaptizing heretics and schismatics.  The only exception to this rule are those with such a pervert view of God like the Mormons, who seem to think God at one point was not God, among other bizarre doctrines. It is interesting that today among baptists as well as other Protestants they tend to rebaptize people that hop around from one church to the next, some I've talked to on paltalk brag they were baptized 5 times!

Ocassionally, you will see Baptists pointing to Martin Luther's rants against the anabaptists of his day (assuming Luther was talking about them!). However, let's see what Luther accused the anabaptists of his day and see if they line up with modern baptist doctrine! Martin Luther in his imfamous Augsburg Confession of 1530:

They condemn the Anabaptists and others who think that the Holy Ghost comes to men without the external Word, through their own preparations and works.--Article V

My comment: External word here based on the previous paragraph of the confession seems to refer to preaching the Gospel. However, I have never heard a baptist espouse the view that the Holy Ghost comes thru work. In fact, some anabaptists were accused of being Pelagian or Semi Pelagian.

They condemn the Anabaptists, who reject the baptism of children, and say that children are saved without Baptism.-Article IX

My Comment: Modern baptists do reject infant baptism and also reject baptismal regeneration.  Some modern baptists state that children are given a free pass to heaven if they die, though they cannot really defend this position, other than to appeal to King David and his son that died at 7 days old where David said he would go to him. However, we see a similar statement between the wicked Saul and the just Samuel in the story of the Witch of Endor. Regardless, not all baptists either will state a child is automatically saved. They certainly will not explain why a child does not have to be "born again," or have "faith" as they see it!

They condemn the Anabaptists, who deny that those once justified can lose the Holy Ghost. Also those who contend that some may attain to such perfection in this life that they cannot sin.-Article XII

My comment: This may or may not be consistent with some baptists. This issue maybe the the Calvinist divide that has plagued Baptists for hundreds of years. The Reformed baptists would affirm this state, since they believe salvation cannot be lost, whereas Arminian or Freewill baptists would probably deny it.

Of Civil Affairs they teach that lawful civil ordinances are good works of God, and that it is right for Christians to bear civil office, to sit as judges, to judge matters by the Imperial and other existing laws, to award just punishments, to engage in just wars, to serve as soldiers, to make legal contracts, to hold property, to make oath when required by the magistrates, to marry a wife, to be given in marriage......They condemn the Anabaptists who forbid these civil offices to Christians.-Article XVI

My comment: There are lots of Baptist judges, soldiers etc today. These anabaptist spoken of by Luther here are CERTAINLY not the modern baptists of today!

They condemn the Anabaptists, who think that there will be an end to the punishments of condemned men and devils.--Article XVII

My Comment: This is perhaps the most clear statement that Luther's anabaptists are NOT today's Baptists.  No modern mainstream baptist church today would deny the eternality of hell, and especially not for demons!

IT should also be remembered that even in the Reformation time there were several different brands of anabaptism, some of them even denied the Deity of Christ, were unitarians, universalist, etc.  For an example of a unitarian anabaptist look up Socinianism.

If Landmark Baptist want to pretend their church descends from the Apostles, rather than simply label all "anabaptists" to be baptists, I recommend they do legitimate research and actually analyze the doctrine of the groups they claim as their spiritual ancestors. 


To be fair, I should futher note baptist theology DOES CHANGE over time! As I noted in a previous article and a youtube video there were Baptists in that taught Jesus is the Archangel Michael! Likewise, before the late 19th century, baptists were permitted to drink alcohol (in general).  Whereas, the Southern Baptist convention forbade what the bible permits around 1890, older baptist sects like the Primitive Baptists permit drinking. Also, slavery divided the baptists in 1844 (among other issues), creating today's Southern Baptists.

Saturday, October 13, 2012

The waters of Babylon: The drying up of the Euphrates

I have listened to debates between Preterists and Millenialists. One of the good points the Millenialists would bring up was when did the River Euphrates ever dry up? Since Revelation states:

the sixth angel emptied his bowl on the great river Euphrates. Its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings of the East. -Revelation 16:12

The only thing Preterists said was a lot of the language about land and places did not happen literally, then they'd point to where the gospel says make way for the Lord, lowering mountains, filling valleys etc, then state its not literal, since St John the Baptist did not physically do those things.

I thought it was a valid point, but weak, and not enough to really be convincing. Then, today I read Revelation 17 where it says:
"The waters that you saw where the harlot lives represent large numbers of peoples, nations, and tongues."-Revelation 17:16

If you think about it, consider what St John is saying. Its a metaphor based where the land of Babylon was, its modern day Iraq.  One of the rivers goes through Babylon is......the river Euphrates! So Revelation 16 when it speaks of the drying up of the Euphrates River, it probably has something to do with people (perhaps dying?). The exact reading I have no figured out, but this seems the best way to deal with the text. This makes me wonder, do the people that DEBATE the book of Revelation's interpretation ACTUALLY read the Book? I've seen a number of people talk about the candle sticks of Revelation 2, no one seems to know what they are, but Revelation 1 tells you EXACTLY what they represent:

 the seven lampstands are the seven churches.--Revelation 1:20


 

Friday, September 28, 2012

Ambrose, Limited Atonement, Owens

I was in a facebook debate group between Catholics and Protestants, a Protestant brought up the following quote:

“If thou believe not, Christ did not descend for thee, he did not suffer for thee.”

I asked for the source, and it was the same source that all the google results showed, which were all traced by to John Owen, who COMPLETELY miscites Ambrose, pointing you to the completely wrong works, in fact if you were to read the works he cites, you will see God willing all men to be saved. http://archive.org/stream/stprosperofaquit027573mbp#page/n99/mode/2up

After hours of work, I found out all the work was ALREADY done by http://philgons.com/2012/03/if-you-die-in-unbelief-christ-did-not-die-for-you/


If context of the quote is:

27. Great, therefore, is the mystery of Christ, before which even angels stood amazed and bewildered. For this cause, then, it is your duty to worship Him, and, being a servant, you ought not to detract from your Lord. Ignorance you may not plead, for to this end He came down, that you may believe; if you believe not, He has not come down for you, has not suffered for you. "If I had not come," says the Scripture, "and spoken with them, they would have no sin: but now have they no excuse for their sin. He that hates Me, hates My Father also." John 15:22-23 Who, then, hates Christ, if not he who speaks to His dishonour?— for as it is love's part to render, so it is hate's to withdraw honour. He who hates, calls in question; he who loves, pays reverence.--St Ambrose, Book 4, chapter 2, paragraph 27 http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/34044.htm

Notice “If thou believe not, Christ did not descend for thee, he did not suffer for thee.” make sense if you read the next sentence:"If I had not come," says the Scripture, "and spoken with them, they would have no sin: but now have they no excuse for their sin. He that hates Me, hates My Father also."


 


 

Saturday, September 8, 2012

Youtube Video on Psalm 69 & Virgin Mary

I posted this youtube video today http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZtH9VGwyh7Y



I refute the claims of Matt Slick the owner of the anti-Catholic site carm.org

His usage of Psalm 69 demonstrates the liklihood that Matt is unfamiliar with the Jewish methods of interpretation used by the New Testament.

The sound quality is bad at point, and screechs a few times, so watch out.

BTW, if you want check how bad Matt Slick is theologically, look at his pages on masturbation, birth control/contraception, and oral sex--his positions may shock/ disgust you. This is what happens when you hold to Sola Scriptura and leave yourself as the ultimate authority (that is they say Scripture is the ultimate authority, but ultimately its their own interpretation/spin on what the Bible says).

Saturday, September 1, 2012

On David Wilkerson and his (false) prophecies

This is my commentary as I watched the now deceased David Wilkerson deliever a long winded "sermon" on the future as he pretends to be a prophet. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l_R9I-qQEbs

Anyway, he is no prophet, much of the things he speaks of were simply TAKEN from what the bible said WOULD happened, or saying things that happen from time to time would happen soon (earthquakes, famines, recessions). Or he would look at things that were already happening in the culture as far as morals and making a REASONABLE conclusion on what would happen (though it did not quite go as far as naked churches being a norm in places). Anyway, he just used the same "techniques" you average charloton would use to appear to be psychic, and of course people gobble it right up, except this time it is "fundamentalist" Protestant Christian sects.  The funny part I find, Wilkerson had no issue calling Christianity a religion throughout the video, yet his modern followers find such a title appauling.  Any, the following is my comments as I was asked to watch the video.


Been 40 years....and much of this stuff hasn't happened, at the end he insists all this stuff will happen within THAT generation, yet much did not.

germany didnt start any recession, famine world wide in China and Russia???, much of the rest can be said of every generation....other stuff is based on things already happening, There were already pushes by Protestants for a Catholic union long before this look at Philip Schaff, Catholicism condemned synecretism no Protestant union unless they convert. Most of the Vision was just loosely based on what the Bible already says. Homosexuals are disordered, no lesbian ministers

CCC says devil is real

much of this stuff about the "church" never happened, at least at large, no superchurch does these

two superchurches

charasmatics already existed and still do, most pentecostal tongue talkers are frauds, regardless Pope John Paul II accepted them see http://www.archdpdx.org/ccr/popes.html

come out of her...reminds me of the JW about their coming out of Christian groups.

Church still dont controll the FCC< they did control the media thru the government before 1973, the leader of this was a presbyterian deacon see Hays http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_H._Hays

Hollywood always had dirty shows and porn, even in the 20s, the Hays code started to get rid of that, but that was already going away by the time of Wilkerson

Many chrisitans mock Billy Graham as a compromiser, yet this preacher seemed to think he was great.

churches arent taxed still, this will cause a debate over what 501c3 is...

hate christ club? I am not aware of those, the closest to those are Gay Clubs, but they typical try to make Jesus gay friendly.

Wilkerson seems to be calling Christianity a RELIGION.

Where was this mass revival in Russia? The closest to a mass revival was a conversion back to Russian Orthodoxy, not your Protestant sects, but even the Russians to this day are hardly as religious as before the Czar fell.

Many of these "prophecies"were not fulfilled in this generation, despite this preacher insisting so, undoubtedly most fundamentalist will ignore this, not wanting their hero to be exposed as a fraud with his own words.

The worst gossipers are other Christians, yet he gives the impression non Chrisitans will take down preachers. many preachers were taken down by the media....and their "gossip" turned out to be true by the admission of the preachers taken down, be they Catholic or Protestant. Look at Jimmy Swaggert, Haggard, and other televangelists


UPDATE: Wilkerson fans explain much of his prophecy did not occur ONLY because he died in a car accident 2011--as if the Holy Spirit did not see that coming! Unfortunately, if a person is a prophet they should see this or be given some indication that "these things would happen" AFTER he died.

Saturday, July 28, 2012

Psalm 2:12 and counter missionaries

Essentially, I agree with the counter missionary position that many Christian bible intentionally mistranslate Psalm 2:12 to say "kiss the son" because the KJV and Martin Luther did.  I was in a counter missionary room where this issue was brought up, then we went on to discuss Ibn Ezra, the rabbi that was the source of what would cause Luther and the KJV to say "Kiss the Son."  Rashi was being brought up on the matter, and his rendering of Psalm 2:12, which is not what Ibn Ezra said.  Anyway, traditional Catholic bible for Psalm 2:12 say something along the lines of "cherish discipline." The issue I had with the counter missionaries they made the claim the Psalms never use Aramaic.  This claim is disputable.

Psalm 55:22 reads:

Smooth were the buttery words of his mouth but his heart was set on war; his words were softer than oil, but they are curses [פְתִחוֹת].--Psalms 55:22

RASHI comments:
but they are curses Heb. פתחות. Menachem (p. 147) interpreted it as an expression of swords, as (Micah 5:5): “and the land of Nimrod with its swords (בפתחיה),” with the edges of the sword. I say, however, that it is an expression of curse in Aramaic, as the Talmud (R.H. 31b) states: Amemar wrote a pethicha on her, which is a warrant decreeing excommunication.
The point of this is that it seems RASHI insists that the word פְתִחוֹת f'tichot is Aramaic. This is interesting since virtually every Christian translation of the Psalm has the word "sword." Regardless, the point stands, one of the most respected Jewish exegetes of the Hebrew Bible seems to insist Psalm 55:22 uses an Aramaic word, contrary to the claim made by some counterMissionaries that the Tanakh never uses Aramaic, claim it was only used at a LATER time with the interaction of the Babylonians.  It is interesting that not only the later books of the Hebrew bible uses Aramaic like Daniel, Ezra, etc, but also Genesis uses Aramaic in a verse!

Is Catholicism Pagan Rome?

Over the years I have come across a number of Protestants, many of which were Catholics, claim that Catholicism is pagan.  They often use the same claims Zeitgeist uses to "refute" all of Christianity, even Protestantism. The tactic these people use is essentially filter out all of the information that would be perceived from their view point to be antiChristian, and only allow in information that are uniquely against Catholicism.  One of their claims is about the Virgin Mary, they claim the Catholic representation of her is pagan. The book they sourced was From Bethlehem to Calvary: Initiations of Jesus by Alice Bailey--a book rewritten to "refute" the New Testament. What the antiCatholic ignored is that it calls the description of the woman in Revelation 12....pagan.

TBC

Friday, July 27, 2012

An Ex-Catholic and the Bible Canon

Another anti/ex-Catholic with the screen name "unmerited favor" has perpetuated the Protestant myth that the Catholic Church "added books" to the Bible. He claimed the Council of Trent added "16 books."

His claim is wrong on 3 points

1) We did not add these books, rather Protestants removed them
2) There are only 6-7 books (depends on how you count them) that are in dispute, not 16.
3) These books were accepted by the Church of Rome officially already in the 4th and 5th Centuries, and were quoted by Church Fathers and Popes before this.

The following quote are taken from James Gallegos quoting the early Christians , note over 1000 years before the Council of Trent, the Council of Rome, Hippo, and Carthage all included the books that Trent "added" according to this former Catholic-now antiCatholic.

"The order of the Old Testament begins here: Genesis, one book; Exodus, one book; Leviticus, one book; Numbers, one book; Deuteronomy, one book; Joshua [Son of] Nave, one book; Judges, one book; Ruth, one book; Kings, four books [ie., 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings];Paralipomenon [Chronicles], two books; Psalms, one book; Solomon, three books: Proverbs, one book; Ecclesiastes, one book; Canticle of Canticles, one book; likewise Wisdom, one book; Ecclesiasticus [Sirach], one book. Likewise the order of the Prophets. Isaias one book, Jeremias one book,...lamentations, Ezechiel one book, Daniel one book, Osee ... Nahum ... Habacuc ... Sophonias ... Aggeus ... Zacharias ... Malachias ... Likewise the order of the historical [books]: Job, one book; Tobit, one book; Esdras, two books [Ezra and Nehemiah]; Esther, one book; Judith, one book; Maccabees, two books."--Council of Rome,Decree of Pope Damasus(A.D. 382),in DEN,34

"That nothing be read in church besides the Canonical Scripture. Item, that besides the Canonical Scriptures nothing be read in church under the name of divine Scripture. But the Canonical Scriptures are as follows: Genesis. Exodus. Leviticus. Numbers. Deuteronomy. Joshua the Son of Nun. The Judges. Ruth. The Kings, four books. The Chronicles, two books. Job. The Psalter. The Five books of Solomon. The Twelve Books of the Prophets. Isaiah. Jeremiah. Ezechiel. Daniel. Tobit. Judith. Esther. Ezra, two books. Macchabees, two books."--Council of Hippo,Canon 36(A.D. 393),in NPNF2,XIV:453-454

"[It has been decided] that nothing except the canonical Scriptures should be read in the Church under the name of the divine Scriptures. But the canonical Scriptures are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus,Numbers, Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, four books of Kings, Paralipomenon, two books, Job, the Psalter of David, five books of Solomon [Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom, Sirach], twelve books of the Prophets, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Daniel, Ezekiel, Tobit, Judith, Esther, two books of Esdras, two books of the Maccabees."--Council of Carthage III, Canon 47, 397(A.D. 397),in DEN,39-40

If this is not enough evidence that Trent did not "add" books, he is more than free too look at James Gallegos website, look at Council of Florence, which was done by the Catholic Church before the REformation, that affirmed that same canon that Trent would have.

Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Ex Catholic and Fatima

On Paltalk an ex/anti Catholic woman claimed Catholics made a big thing about waiting for the 3rd secret to come out and it never did.  However, she is wrong. Here is the text of the 3rd secret:

we saw an Angel with a flaming sword in his left hand; flashing, it gave out flames that looked as though they would set the world on fire; but they died out in contact with the splendour that Our Lady radiated towards him from her right hand: pointing to the earth with his right hand, the Angel cried out in a loud voice: ‘Penance, Penance, Penance!'. And we saw in an immense light that is God: ‘something similar to how people appear in a mirror when they pass in front of it' a Bishop dressed in White ‘we had the impression that it was the Holy Father'. Other Bishops, Priests, men and women Religious going up a steep mountain, at the top of which there was a big Cross of rough-hewn trunks as of a cork-tree with the bark; before reaching there the Holy Father passed through a big city half in ruins and half trembling with halting step, afflicted with pain and sorrow, he prayed for the souls of the corpses he met on his way; having reached the top of the mountain, on his knees at the foot of the big Cross he was killed by a group of soldiers who fired bullets and arrows at him, and in the same way there died one after another the other Bishops, Priests, men and women Religious, and various lay people of different ranks and positions. Beneath the two arms of the Cross there were two Angels each with a crystal aspersorium in his hand, in which they gathered up the blood of the Martyrs and with it sprinkled the souls that were making their way to God. 

From http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/documents/rc_con_cfaith_doc_20000626_message-fatima_en.html

We see another ex/anti Catholic's claims to be proven false.

Sunday, July 22, 2012

Counter Missionary on Zechariah 9:9

A week ago I was in an Jewish, AntiChristian chatroom.  The Jews in the room were discussing their rejection on Christianity and Jesus Christ. One of their claims was Christians corrupted and mistranslated Zechariah 9:9, he told a Protestant that his version was corrupted and he cannot legitimately use the verse.

He claimed Zechariah 9:9 does not mention salvation in regards to Messiah (that the Messiah would bring salvation), saying there's no referance to it at all in the verse. Here is his translation from the chabad website (which he used despite not being a Karaite Jew).

Be exceedingly happy, O daughter of Zion; Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem. Behold! Your king shall come to you. He is just and victorious; humble, and riding a donkey and a foal, the offspring of [one of] she-donkeys.-Zechariah 9:9
As we can see this Jewish translation says "he is just and victorious" whereas virtually all "Christian" translations say "just and being salvation" or something along those lines.  Only a few "Christian" translations deviate and agree with the Chabad translation above.  Anyway, he insisted the Chabad translation is the best and the Hebrew word did not mean salvation since it is translated that way.

Anyway, I looked up the Hebrew word. Here is the verse in Hebrew according to the Masoretic Text, the "He is just and victorious/salvation"-- "Tzaddik v'nosha' hu" is in Red.

 גִּילִי מְאֹד בַּת-צִיּוֹן, הָרִיעִי בַּת יְרוּשָׁלִַם, הִנֵּה מַלְכֵּךְ יָבוֹא לָךְ, צַדִּיק וְנוֹשָׁע הוּא; עָנִי וְרֹכֵב עַל-חֲמוֹר, וְעַל-עַיִר בֶּן-אֲתֹנוֹת
The word in contention here is וְנוֹשָׁע "v'nosha'" the "v" or "vav" simply is the "and," so the issue here is נוֹשָׁע nosha'.  The word appears two other times in Hebrew bible with the same spelling:

Happy art thou, O Israel, who is like unto thee? a people saved [נוֹשַׁע] by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and that is the sword of thy excellency! And thine enemies shall dwindle away before thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places.--Deuteronomy 33:29


O Israel, that art saved [נוֹשַׁע] by the LORD with an everlasting salvation; ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.--Isaiah 45:17

As we can see the word is being used in connection with salvation and Isaiah 45:17 even attached it with the ordinary with associated with salvation 
 תְּשׁוּעַת

Even the Chabad translation of Deuteronomy 33:29 and Isaiah 45:17 use the word salvation  for Nosha':

Fortunate are you, O Israel! Who is like you, O people whose salvation is through the Lord, the Shield Who helps you, your majestic Sword! Your enemies will lie to you, but you will tread upon their heights."--Deuteronomy 33:29 chabad.org

Israel shall be saved by the Lord [with] an everlasting salvation; you shall neither be ashamed nor disgraced to all eternity.--Isaiah 45:17 chabad.org

So, yes Zechariah 9:9 does mention the King as having salvation, but it seems that He is the recipient of it, meaning He is saved.  Perhaps, this should reflect Christ's human nature.   After all, having salvation does not necessarily imply a person lacked it at one point. I will look for a better explanation for this verse at a later time.
Anyway, it seems both the Missionary and the counter missionary were wrong about Zechariah 9:9.