Friday, March 28, 2014

Moses striking the Rock

At the Crucifixion of the Lord Jesus, St John writes that blood and water flowed from Christ when struck with a spear.
The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other. But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.--John 19:32-34
Numbers 20:8-13 refers to a Rock in the wilderness that Moses was ordered by God to take the staff and SPEAK to the rock to make it produce water.
And Moses lifted up his hand, and smote the rock with his rod twice; and water came forth abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their cattle.--Numbers 20:11
St Paul in 1 Corinthians 10:3 refers to Christ as the great Rock which followed the Israelites in the wilderness:
and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ.--1 Corinthians 10:4
Now what does Christ being crucified and the Rock have in common? Both produced water when struck according to Numbers 20 and John 19, when even more fascinating Jewish legend claims when Moses struck the Rock--BLOOD also came out!
 
In Jewish Tradition, as found in Louis Ginzberg's Legend of the Jews concerning the Rock in the wilderness that accompanied the Israelites and provided them water, it states:
And, again, through the third miracle he was bidden to perform, God conveyed to Moses what would happen in the latter years of his own life. The sign He gave him was to make known to him that, before the water came, blood would flow from the rock at Meribah, when Moses should strike it after uttering the hasty, impatient words that were destined to bring death down upon him.--Louis Ginzberg's Legend of the Jews, Volume II, Chapter Moses in Egypt 
This seems to be based on the much older (Pseudo) Targum Jonathan ben Uzziel (aka Palestinian Targum) of Numbers which reads:
And Mosheh took the rod of the miracles from before the Lord, as he had commanded him. And Mosheh and Aharon gathered the congregation together before the rock. And Mosheh said to them, Hear now, rebels: is it possible for us to bring forth water for you from this rock? And Mosheh lifted up [JERUSALEM. And Mosheh lifted up] his hand, and with his rod struck the rock two times: at the first time it dropped blood; but at the second time there came forth a multitude of waters. And the congregation and their cattle drank.--Targum pseudo Jonathan of Numbers 20:11, SECTION XXXIX. (chapter XX)
וזקף משה ית ידיה ומחא ית כיפא בחטריה תרתין זמנין בזימנא קמאה אטיפת אדמא ובזימנא תניינא נפקו מיין סגיאין ואשתיאת כנישתא ובעיריהון --Targum pseudo Jonathan of Numbers 20:11
 

Sunday, March 16, 2014

Quran challenge


The Quran Challenge

The strange thing about the Quran is that it constantly has ‘God’ speaking claiming that He is the source of the Quran, whereas the Bible rarely has God having to constantly declare to the reader that He is the ultimate author of the Book. The Quran goes a step further, bragging about itself as a wonderful book insisting no one can make even a single Surah (chapter) like the Quran because it’s so great. We see this in Quran verses like:

Say, "If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur'an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants."Quran 17:88

And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah, if you should be truthful.—Quran 2:23

This claim is strange since a number of chapters of the Quran are fairly simple. Such as:
Surah 109

Say, "O disbelievers,
I do not worship what you worship.
Nor are you worshippers of what I worship.
Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship.
Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship.
For you is your religion, and for me is my religion."

 Surah 109’s pattern is easily reproducible and is only a few lines long! Yet, apparently this is too difficult for us non-Muslims to reproduce!
Surah 108
Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar.
So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].
Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.

Surah 108 is a mere 3 verses long! This surah does not look complicated either! Yet, apparently the person that made the Quran thinks producing 3 lines would be like landing a man on the Sun! If someone handed you this Surah, would you automatically be able to detect its divine origin? Or would you just assume some human wrote it? 

Surah 106
 For the accustomed security of the Quraysh -
Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer -
Let them worship the Lord of this House,
Who has fed them, [saving them] from hunger and made them safe, [saving them] from fear.

Its just another short Surah, only a few lines long.

Surah 103
By time,
Indeed, mankind is in loss,
Except for those who have believed and done righteous deeds and advised each other to truth and advised each other to patience.

 
Another 3 verses that are IMPOSSIBLE to match in style! The Quran does not seem to state explicitly who is the judge of what qualifies as being LIKE the surah is, but it would seem to make most sense that it would be the disbeliever of the Quran, since he is the one that must be convinced. The average Muslim on the other hand would never concede that the unbeliever had made a Surah that sounds like it is in the Quran, because doing so would be an admission that there is nothing divine about the Quran AT ALL. 

Perhaps this "Surah" is like the Surahs of the Quran:


"If there were two valleys full of riches for the son of Adam,
he would long for a third valley,
and nothing would fill the stomach of the son of Adam but dust."
 
Does this sound like it could be a Surah or at least part of one? Why or why not?
 
 

Sunday, March 9, 2014

Absurd things in the Talmud

Here are some absurd things in the Talmud that antimissionaries would prefer people to never see, if they were in the New Testament, antimissionaries would exploit these--even if they were symbolic, metaphorical, stories etc. Some of the Talmud account demonstrate the perversion of the writer of the Talmud, or the rabbis he was supposedly quoting

God praying! Talmudic account has God praying (interestingly they mock NT because Jesus is called God can He prays), this is found by Protestant apologist Michael Brown:
R. Johanan says in the name of R. Jose: How do we know that the Holy One, blessed be He, says prayers? Because it says: Even them will I bring to My holy mountain and make them joyful in My house of prayer.  It is not said, 'their prayer', but 'My prayer'; hence [you learn] that the Holy One, blessed be He, says prayers. --Babylonian Talmud Berakoth 7a
Rahab sex: A Rabbi claimed to know of a sexual issue men that had sex with Rahab the harlot had--despite her being dead for about 1500+ years when the rabbis were alive and when the Talmud was written.  It is absurd to think this would have been a tradition passed down from the times of Joshua (and the other rabbi in the passage didn't seem to know of it)
R. Isaac said: Whosoever repeats [the name] Rahab, Rahab, become immediately subject to an onset of issue.  Thereupon R. Rahman said to him: I have repeated it and was not in any way affected.  R. Isaac replied: I speak only of one who knew her intimately (and recalls her likeness). "--Ta'anit 5b
Aliens from outer space!! The Talmud mentions one of many opinions that Meroz in Judges 5:23 refers to a Star (that is a planet) and the inhabitants of it are cursed for not helping.
From the [same] text: Because they [the denizens of Meroz] came not to the help of the Lord. And, said ‘Ulla, Barak pronounced the shammetha against Meroz with [the blast of] four hundred horns. Some say that Meroz was [the name of] a great personage; others say that it was [the name of] a star, as it is written [there]: They fought from Heaven, the stars in their courses fought against Sisera. Whence do we derive that his property may be forfeited?--Mo'ed Katan 16b

In fact the Jewish website chabad.org says
"It would be limiting G-d's power to say that He could not have placed life on other planets. In fact, there is a reference in the biblical Book of Judges (5:23) to an inhabited place called Maroz, which the Talmud identifies as a star."
In fact the great Jewish bible commentator Rashi (the most respected rabbinical commentator on that Hebrew Bible) who was a medieval French Jew writes (alluding to the Talmudic passage I quote),
"Some say it was a star and some say he was a prominent person who was near the battle area and yet did not come."--Rashi Commentary on Judges 5:23
Gentiles that keep the Sabbath deserve to die! One Talmudic rabbi teaches Jews that keep that Sabbath deserve to die--though its generally agreed that the rabbi is not saying Gentiles should ACTUALLY be killed for this.
 Resh Lakish also said: A heathen who keeps a day of rest, deserves death, for it is written, And a day and a night they shall not rest, and a master has said: Their prohibition is their death sentence.  Rabina said: Even if he rested on a Monday. Now why is this not included in the seven Noachian laws? — Only negative injunctions are enumerated, not positive ones.--Sanhedrin 58b
Maimonides on this says that Gentiles should NOT be killed, but must be beaten for studying the torah, having a Sabbath day, or making a religious practice.
A gentile who studies the Torah is obligated to die. They should only be involved in the study of their seven mitzvot. Similarly, a gentile who rests, even on a weekday, observing that day as a Sabbath, is obligated to die. Needless to say, he is obligated for that punishment if he creates a festival for himself.  The general principle governing these matters is: They are not to be allowed to originate a new religion or create mitzvot for themselves based on their own decisions. They may either become righteous converts and accept all the mitzvot or retain their statutes without adding or detracting from them. If a gentile studies the Torah, makes a Sabbath, or creates a religious practice, a Jewish court should beat him, punish him, and inform him that he is obligated to die. However, he is not to be executed.--Mishneh Torah, Sefer Shoftim, Melachim uMilchamot, Halacha 9
Ironically....

Do not save the Gentile on a Sabbath since he does not keep the Sabbath! 
....he was, however, told by Abaye that the Jewish woman could offer the excuse, 'Only for our own, who keep the Sabbath, may we waive it, but we must not waive the Sabbath for you who do not keep it.' R. Joseph also had a mind to say that even suckling for payment should be allowed because of ill-feeling; but Abaye said to him: She can excuse herself by saying, 'I want to get married,' if she is unmarried; or, if she be married, 'I will not degrade myself before my husband.' R. Joseph further had in mind to say, in regard to what has been taught that in the case of idolaters and shepherds of small cattle one is not obliged to bring them up [from a pit] though one must not cast them in it  — that for payment one is obliged to bring them up on account of ill feeling. Abaye, however, said to him: He could offer such excuses as, 'I have to run to my boy who is standing on the roof', or, 'I have to keep an appointment at the court.'--Adovah Zarah 26a
This Talmudic rabbi applies this case of returning a favor for being a midwife to non Jew to the helping of non Jews in general on the Sabbath--do not do it. Though the other rabbis seem to say its ok so as to not make the Jews look bad. However, Rabbi Moshe ben Maimonis (Maimonides) is considered one of the greatest scholars of Jewish law, he interprets this passage in a very harsh way. He is so respected his writing Thirteen Fundamental Principles is considered to be Jewish dogma for today's Orthodox Jews. His commentary on the Talmudic passage is as follows:
With regard to a gentile idolater with whom we are not at war, a Jewish shepherd of small livestock, and the like, by contrast, we should not try to cause their deaths. It is, however, forbidden to save their lives if their lives are threatened. For example, if such a person fell into the sea, one should not rescue him. [Leviticus 19:16] states: "Do not stand idly by while your brother's blood is at stake." This does not apply with regard to such individuals, because they are not "your brothers."--Mishneh Torah, Laws of Murder 4:11 by Maimonides (Rambam) translated by Chabad.org
 טז [יא] אבל הגויים שאין בינינו וביניהם מלחמה, ורועי בהמה דקה מישראל וכיוצא בהן--אין מסבבים להן המיתה. ואסור להצילן; אם נטו למות, כגון שראה אחד מהן שנפל לים--אינו מעלהו: שנאמר "לא תעמוד על דם ריעך" ( ויקרא יט,טז ), ואין זה ריעך.--Mishneh Torah, Laws of Murder 4:11 by Maimonides, original Hebrew Text
Some Rabbinical Jews and antimissionaries might say "look a Jew is mentioned there too that should not be saved" however, Maimonides immediately comments that this only refers to Jews that are not observant of the Torah:
When does the above apply? With regard to a Jew who sins and perseveres in his wickedness, continually repeating it - e.g., shepherds of small livestock who show no consideration for the prohibition against robbery and continue in their perversity.
When, by contrast, a Jew commits transgressions, but does not maintain his wickedness continually, merely occasionally sinning for his own personal satisfaction - e.g., one who eats non-kosher food for pleasure - it is a mitzvah to save his life, and it is forbidden to stand idly by when his life is threatened.--Mishneh Torah, Laws of Murder 4:12 by Maimonides (Rambam) translated by Chabad.org
 יז [יב] במה דברים אמורים, בישראל בעל עבירות העומד ברשעו ושונה בו תמיד, כגון הרועים בהמה דקה שפקרו בגזל, והם הולכים באיוולתן. אבל ישראל בעל עבירות שאינו עומד ברשעו תמיד, אלא עושה עבירות להנית עצמו, כגון אוכל נבילות לתיאבון--מצוה להצילו, ואסור לעמוד על דמו. --Mishneh Torah, Laws of Murder 4:12 by Maimonides, original Hebrew Text
This ruling was affirmed as recent as the 20th century by the chief Shephardic Rabbi in Israel, Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef.

"If a gentile were to get injured in a car accident during Sabbath, and he is brought to the hospital – Israel must not treat him," he said, explaining that "if the particular procedures come from rabbis (de-rabbanan), then they might be permitted, but if they stem from prohibitions in the Torah (de-'oraita), then they are not allowed, as the Torah forbids to violate the Sabbath for gentiles."  Rabbi Yosef expounded on the problem, saying that the Mishnah Berurah explicitly says that "all religious physicians who treat gentiles on the Sabbath or violating the Sabbath; however, in reality the patients are brought to the hospital and must be treated. The doctors' license says they must treat all patients without distinction of faith or race, and if they don’t, the State could revoke their license and also punish them. So what should the poor doctors do?"--Rabbi Ovadia Yosef quoted in Rabbi Yosef: Treating gentiles violates Sabbath, ynetnews [The Rabbi comes up with a solution to this problem--but only because he does not want the Jewish doctor to lose his job.]
Mishnah Berurah is a 19th century text that comments on this matter. After all is said on done on this matter, Jewish law seems to be clear that a Jew should not break the Sabbath but to save another Sabbath keeper [ie Jew, since non Jews deserve to die for keeping], but they find ways for allowing Jews to help gentiles on the Sabbath--in order to save a life--their own Jewish life (not necessarily the gentiles) since the Jews fear that their behavior might cause the Jew to lose his job, or be the cause of more persecution of Jews in things like pogroms. Racism in Jewish literature is somewhat discussed on this Jewish site. The fore mentioned rabbi Ovadia Yosef has made racist statements that speak of Jewish supremacy, such bad that the American Jewish organization the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) had to condemn his comments about gentiles, see here.  

These teachings are inherently inferior to those of the Lord Jesus, who preached against some of the errors and lack of love of the Pharisees, He affirmed one of the greatest commandments is to love your neighbor, when asked who your neighbor he said:
[Jesus said]: A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell among robbers, who also stripped him, and having wounded him went away, leaving him half dead. And it chanced, that a certain priest went down the same way: and seeing him, passed by.  In like manner also a Levite, when he was near the place and saw him, passed by. But a certain Samaritan being on his journey, came near him; and seeing him, was moved with compassion. And going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine: and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn, and took care of him.  And the next day he took out two pence, and gave to the host, and said: Take care of him; and whatsoever thou shalt spend over and above, I, at my return, will repay thee. Which of these three, in thy opinion, was neighbour to him that fell among the robbers? 
But he said: He that shewed mercy to him.
And Jesus said to him: Go, and do thou in like manner.--Luke 10:29-37


Other topics will include the Talmud view of Abortion and life--which seems similar to Aristotle and more...

To be continued....