But to return to the main point of this article: Christ and the Church, being His body are the new Israel.
Here are some examples of the Scripture writers stating Christ is Israel:
St Matthew in his gospel uses a Jewish technique called midrash, where he draws meaning out of text, in one case he applies a statement concerning Israel in the Prophet Hosea's book to Christ Himself:
That it might be fulfilled which the Lord spoke by the prophet, saying: Out of Egypt have I called my son.--Matthew 2:15
As the morning passeth, so hath the king of Israel passed away. Because Israel was a child, and I loved him: and I called my son out of Egypt.--Hosea 11:1Jesus is Israel here because Hosea speaks of when Israel was a child, and St Matthew is writing about when Christ was a child in Egypt. Christ is therefore being shown as some form of embodiment of Israel.
The book of Acts likewise presents the Church as being the restoration of Israel. In Acts 15 we read St James the Just, bishop of Jerusalem saying the following:
And to this agree the words of the prophets, as it is written: After these things I will return, and will rebuild the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and the ruins thereof I will rebuild, and I will set it up: That the residue of men may seek after the Lord, and all nations upon whom my name is invoked, saith the Lord, who doth these things. To the Lord was his own work known from the beginning of the world.--Acts 15:16-18This is a quotation of the Prophet Amos:
In that day I will raise up the tabernacle of David, that is fallen: and I will close up the breaches of the walls thereof, and repair what was fallen: and I will rebuild it as in the days of old. That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and all nations, because my name is invoked upon them: saith the Lord that doth these things.--Amos 9:11-12The subject of Amos 9 is the restoration of Israel. The tabernacle of David is the kingdom of Israel.
I will raise up the fallen Tabernacle of David: Jonathan renders: the kingdom of the house of David.TBCMideval Jewish commentator of the Hebrew bible, RASHI, states concerning this verse: